• The Union Cabinet is likely to give its final approval for a national mission to try and improve the accuracy of monsoon forecasts by this month-end.

  • This was stated by Secretary in the Ministry of Earth Sciences Shailesh Nayak.

  • Under the project, scientists would work on models from the United Kingdom's Met Office and the United States' National Centers for Environment Prediction .

  • The mission would have two components relating to two different timescales — monthly, seasonal and intra-seasonal scale on the one hand and a medium range forecast, up to 15 days, on the other.

  • At present, India Meteorological Department makes its forecasts based on the system of a statistical model, which makes the prediction on the basis of several predictors.

  • The statistical system has several fundamental and inherent shortcomings. The dynamic numerical models, on the other hand, are expected to come out with better forecasts.

  • India does not have a dynamic numerical model of it own. The goal now is to develop a model that would be India-specific within five years.

  • That  about 60 scientists from different scientific institutions and organisations within the country and about 30 scientists from abroad would be associated with the project.