• Laurent Gbagbo, the former president of Ivory Coast, appeared in public for the first time on Monday, as he faced courtroom cameras and a panel of international judges in The Hague.

  • Mr. Gbagbo, who pushed his country into civil war after refusing to accept his defeat in a election last year, was brought to the International Criminal Court six days ago to face charges of crimes against humanity.

  • More than 3,000 people died, Human Rights Watch has said, as a result of Mr. Gbagbo’s efforts to stay in power, many killed by the former president’s security forces.